All mothers are worried about their babies, because the crumbsso defenseless and vulnerable to dozens of diseases. And then when the baby begins to sneeze and scratch the nose more often than usual, the mother begins to worry. And not for nothing, because, perhaps, these are the symptoms of allergic rhinitis. Allergic rhinitis in children occurs quite often. Up to 20% of schoolchildren in Russia suffer from this disease.
It is necessary to understand what allergic rhinitis is,to send the child to the right doctor and know what to do. Although the disease is associated with the disease of the nose, it is caused by allergic factors, like any other allergy, so it is worthwhile to show your child to the allergist. It will help to find out what exactly allergic rhinitis a child, because they are seasonal and year-round. It is also very important not to run the disease, writing off the symptoms for a common runny nose. A timely visit to a specialist will prevent complications for all ENT organs.
Types of allergic rhinitis
Since this disease has a mucous membranethe nasal membrane, the drugs used in the treatment are aimed at normalizing its condition, as well as preventing its thickening. To cure allergic rhinitis in a child, usually prescribed antihistamines. Note that to date there are a second and third generation of these drugs, and it is worth giving preference to them, because they are more effective and less harmful in terms of side effects.
Babies are prescribed drugs "Zirtek", "Claritin", "and the older guys "Telfast", "Kestin" and others. Not only for treatment, but also for the prevention of seasonal exacerbations, often prescribed cromolyn sodium. If this treatment does not help, then the next step is nasal corticosteroid drugs. To ease the symptoms use decongestants, but here you need to be extra careful, because if you overdo it with this drug, a child can get a medicamentous rhinitis. If allergens are accurately established, the doctor can prescribe a specific immunotherapy aimed at reducing sensitivity to allergic irritants.</ p>>