Modern medicine knows a lotvarious diseases. Some are independent, others - a consequence of other pathologies. One of the common ailments are diseases of the respiratory system. They can appear for various reasons. In this article we will tell you about what is acute nasopharyngitis.
ICD-10 (International Classification of Diseasestenth revision) includes this disease. As it is designated, you will learn further. You can get acquainted with the main symptoms and causes of this pathology, as well as with the ways of its treatment.
Nasopharyngitis acute is an inflammatory process,flowing on the mucous membrane of the nasopharynx. Pathology can have a different nature of origin. Usually, the inflammation is caused by viruses. Less often the disease is bacterial or fungal in nature. Doctors say that there is also an allergic acute nasopharyngitis. ICD-10 includes this pathology under the number J-00.
Disease in acute stage in the absencetimely treatment can take a chronic look. This pathology is much more difficult to eliminate, but it has no significant symptoms and practically does not bother the patient. Consider the main causes of the appearance of the disease.
This type of disease occurs most often. It can affect patients of any age. However, children of school and orchard age are more often ill. The disease is transmitted at usual contact, as ARVI. Acute nasopharyngitis has an incubation period from a few hours to 2-5 days. More often, signs of the disease begin to appear on the second day after contact with the carrier.
Viral nasopharyngitis (acute) beginsas a result of inhalation of viruses. In this case, pathogenic microorganisms begin to multiply immediately on the mucous membranes of the nose and pharynx. Also, not the least role is played by the body's own defense. With a decrease in immunity, the ailment spreads quickly and it is difficult.
Another reason that can begin acutenasopharyngitis, - a common cold of bacterial origin. Often, pathology becomes a consequence of sinusitis, sinusitis, rhinitis. In this case, we are talking about the spread of bacteria, not viruses.
The cause of the onset of bacterial nasopharyngitiscan be the use of some things with an infected person. Usually in this situation we are talking about personal care products (handkerchiefs, towels, toothbrushes and so on).
Acute nasopharyngitis in adults and children canhave a fungal etiology. Often this is the result of untreated stomatitis, thrush and other diseases. Fungal nasopharyngitis often develops because of decreased immunity, after prolonged use of antibiotics, chemotherapy.
Transmission of fungal nasopharyngitis can through saliva with a kiss. Children may be contaminated with dirty toys.
The cause of allergic nasopharyngitisis the inhalation of contaminated air. This can be household dust, tobacco smoke, dry air or any other allergen. A feature of this form of pathology is that it can not be transmitted to another person.
Regardless of what caused the disease and what form it has, the manifestations are usually similar. The main symptoms of pathology:
If there is no correct treatment forFor several days, the mucus in the nose thickens and becomes an excellent breeding ground for other microbes. There is a feeling of stuffiness, swelling. When you see a purulent accumulation on the back wall of the pharynx and tonsils, inflammation of the Eustachian tube can be diagnosed.
Depending on the age and condition of the patientthe doctor selects suitable drugs for correction of pathology. When a virus infection is enough to comply with the regime. If the problem has arisen because of bacteria, then there is nothing to do without antimicrobial drugs.
In addition to drugs for oral administrationYou still need to use local funds. These are processed the surface of the larynx and the mucous membrane of the nose. Often, additional drugs are added to the treatment: vitamin complexes, a set of beneficial bacteria and so on. Some patients treat acute nasopharyngitis with grandmother's recipes. However, such a correction is not always effective. Remember that incorrectly selected therapy leads to the development of a chronic type of disease. Let's consider the basic preparations which use in struggle against an inflammation of a nasopharynx.
Nasopharyngitis acute often has a viraletiology. To correct such a disease, appropriate drugs are used. This is the well-known "Arbidol" and "Arpefly", "Anaferon" and "Ergoferon", "Isoprinozin" and "Groprinosin". They are able not only to eliminate the viral infection, but also increase the immune defense. All described medicines are intended for oral use. However, experts often recommend using local funds. These are sprays and drops in the nose Irs 19, Derinat, Ingaron, Grippferon, Interferon and so on. They can be used both for treatment and for preventive purposes.
To enhance the body's resistanceVitamin complexes: "MultiTabs", "Vita Mishki", "Complivit" and many others are prescribed. Always pay attention to the dosage of such products. It should be selected in accordance with the patient's age and individual characteristics. An important role in increasing immune defense is played by vitamin C.
If acute nasopharyngitis has a bacterialthe nature of occurrence, the treatment necessarily includes antimicrobial agents. They are assigned only after laboratory tests. To do this, you need to give a smear from the cavity of the throat and nose. After this, the specialist will determine the sensitivity of microorganisms to a particular drug.
Antibiotics for oral administration usuallyare prescribed on the basis of azithromycin and amoxicillin. This means "Amoxiclav", "Flemoxin", "Sumamed", "Azitrus" and so on. Less often (if ineffective listed), antimicrobial cephalosporins are recommended ("Suprax", "Cefatoxim", "Ceftriaxone"). The use of antibiotics lasts about 5-10 days. Even with a sharp improvement in well-being, the prescribed course can not be interrupted.
Antibacterial drugs are injected into the nasalcavity. The most commonly used are Isofra and Polidex. More secure can be called "Protargol" and "Sialor". Also for the treatment of nasopharyngitis, the drug Bioparox was recently used. However, at the moment he is trying not to appoint him.
If nasopharyngitis is acute caused by an allergicreaction, then antihistamines should be connected to treatment. They are available in tablets or drops for ease of use. The most popular trade names are Zirtek, Zodak, Tsetrin, Suprastin, Tavegil and others.
Remember that the use of suchmedicines can cause side effects in the form of drowsiness, dizziness and increased fatigue. Therefore, do not engage in responsible affairs during therapy. Or you can consult a doctor and find the most suitable treatment for yourself, for example, before going to bed.
Acute nasopharyngitis in children is not uncommonaccompanied by a strong edema. In this case, the younger the child, the more difficult the situation is. In infants often the disease goes to the ear area: the inflammatory process begins, accompanied by swelling. That is why it is so important to use medications to narrow the blood vessels.
The most popular drugs are based onoxymetazoline and xylometazoline. Less commonly used is naphazoline. The trade names of these drugs are the following: Snoop, Otrivin, Nazivin, Rinostop, Tizin, and so on. All medicines are applied no more than 3-5 days strictly in the indicated dosage. The children are often prescribed a medicine "Vibrocil". You can use it for up to one week. The active substance of the drug is phenylephrine. It is also contained in the drug Polidex. When combining these formulations, you must always adjust the dose.
Remove the swelling of the nasal cavity will help in some way and antihistamines. However, they do not act as fast as topical medications.
Before applying any medicines to themucous nasal surface to be rinsed. During the procedure, all pathogens are removed by the fluid flow. As a result, drugs are better absorbed and produce a greater effect.
The washing procedure helps to some extentremove the swelling. Saline solutions draw an excess liquid. You can prepare a remedy for cleansing the nasal passages yourself. To do this, dissolve a teaspoon of salt in a liter of water. You can also buy a ready-made product in the pharmacy. These are preparations "Dolphin", "Rinostop", "Akvalor", "Physiomer" and so on.
To avoid infection with nasopharynitis,you must carefully monitor your health. Regularly conduct hygienic procedures for cleaning the nose. For this, the aforementioned medicines are suitable. You also need to humidify the air in the room in which you are. Do not allow the mucous membranes of the nasal passages and larynx to dry out, drink more pure water. Do not forget about nutrition. The benefits of fruits and vegetables are undeniable. Through these products you can get a lot of vitamins and beneficial microelements. Form your mode. Wake up at the same time, walk more in the fresh air. This will help to prevent the common cold and its consequences - nasopharyngitis.
During epidemics, try not to visit placescongestion of people. When forced to contact an infected person, use antiviral drugs for the purpose of prevention. However, preliminary this topic should be discussed with the attending physician.
If you feel the onset of the disease, thenIt's worth trying to move it on your feet. Be sure to use medicines and keep bed rest. Sport also increases the resistance of the body, however, activities should be moderate. At the first symptoms of the disease, do not try to eliminate it yourself. Remember that timely access to a specialist is a guarantee of quick recovery. Do not be ill!</ p>>