Myocardial infarction - rehabilitation is necessary

This is a serious disease characterized bythe necrosis of some part of the heart muscle. It can cause various complications depending on what the area of ​​the damaged site of the heart muscle, where the focus of necrosis, and how quickly the medical help was provided.

Complications of myocardial infarction

Due to damage to the muscle tissue, there is a disruption in the heart, and the following complications may occur:

  • Cardiogenic shock is manifested by a sharp drop in pressure with impaired peripheral blood supply;
  • most often occurs arrhythmias, the mostdangerous ventricular tachycardia (in this condition the ventricles play the role of the driver of the heart rhythm) and ventricular fibrillation (indiscriminate ventricular contraction), any kind of arrhythmia must be treated;
  • heart failure, that is, the heart muscle loses its ability to contract, depends on the size of the infarction;
  • Arterial hypertension develops because the heart lacks oxygen and works with great tension;
  • mechanical complications (rupture of the septum, aneurysm of the heart) can develop in the subsequent after a heart attack a week and require surgical intervention;
  • recurring pain in the heart region occurs in a third of patients with myocardial infarction;
  • Dressler's syndrome occurs when antibodies are formed and is manifested by inflammatory processes in the heart bag, lung bag and lung tissue.

Rehabilitation

After a person underwent myocardial infarction, rehabilitation will consist in carrying out of various actions thanks to which there is a restoration of the physical form of the patient and its return to an ordinary life:

  • diet compliance;
  • long-term use of medications;
  • dosing of physical loads;
  • performance of medical gymnastics;
  • psychological adaptation.

Patients who underwent myocardial infarction, cardiac rehabilitation are under the supervision of a doctor. It is developed based on the condition of a particular patient, taking into account various factors. Objectives:

  • return the person to a normal physical form;
  • avoid disability;
  • reduce the possibility of re-development of heart disease;
  • reduce the likelihood of death.

Those who underwent myocardial infarction, rehabilitationpsychological is simply necessary. After all, people are afraid that this condition can happen again, that they can not return to their old life. It is very important to take into account the need to change the way of life, the constant use of medicines and moderation in everything.

For people who have experienced myocardial infarction,rehabilitation begins even in a hospital and lasts no less than six months. During this period, physical exercises are gradually increasing, therapeutic gymnastics is being performed, medications are prescribed that support the work of the heart and fight with atherosclerosis, which is the cause of myocardial infarction. There is a gradual return of the patient to ordinary life.

What are the predictions for recovery?

Depending on how large the area isheart attack and whether there were complications, the process of returning a person to a normal and full life depends. If a person undergone an uncomplicated infarction or a heart attack center was small, it can be predicted that he will live and be able to restore work capacity. Those who have undergone a myocardial infarction extensive can not guarantee a full recovery, usually a person remains alive, but already an invalid who can not lead a full life, since there are various limitations. This is because the scar formed provokes violations of the heart rhythm and the development of heart failure in the future, especially if there was a complication in the form of an aneurysm.

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