In medical institutions, everything should besterile, especially tools. It is sterilization that guarantees the safety of patients, because in the blood and other liquids from the sick body that get on the instrument, viruses can be contained that can later appear in the body of a healthy person and cause it to become infected. And during processing all viruses and bacteria are destroyed under the influence of special fluids or high temperature.
However, before sterilizing equipmentA special procedure is necessary - pre-sterilization treatment of tools. Its purpose is to remove blood, protein and fatty contaminants, medicines, and mechanical contaminants from devices. Tools are processed in disassembled form.
Pre-sterilization cleaning of the instrumentation includes the following procedures:
- rinsing tools with water - 30 seconds;
- soak them in a detergent for half an hour;
- washing of each instrument with a brush or cotton swab - 30 seconds;
- rinsing with running water - 3-10 minutes - depending on the drugs used;
- rinsing for 30 seconds with distilled water;
- complete drying at a temperature of 85 ° C.
It is believed that the procedure is successful if the amidopyron or azopyramide sample gives a negative result (the product does not show traces of blood).
During the procedure, a specialWashing solution with two variations. The first is made from perhydrol 30% (20 milliliters), SMS (5 grams) and water (975 milliliters). This solution can be used during the day after manufacturing. The second variant is made from the preparation "Biotol" (5 grams) and water (1 liter), it is applied directly after manufacturing.
Control over the quality of conductedPre-sterilization cleaning should be done regularly. For example, in centralized sterilization facilities, self-monitoring is conducted daily, and in LPU departments - weekly. Control by the State Sanitary and Epidemiological Supervision should be carried out once a quarter.
To conduct it, an azopyramic sample is used.
Control should be subjected to one percent (but not less than 3 pieces) of tools processed at one time. If the sample gave a positive result, the toolkit should be re-processed.
The azopyrum test is carried out with the help ofspecial reagent. First, a solution is made: 1 gram (maximum 1.5) of anhydrous hydrochloric acid, 100 grams of amidopyrine and 899-898.5 grams of ethyl alcohol is taken to obtain a liter of solution. The ingredients are thoroughly mixed together. This solution can be stored for a long time - up to two months in the refrigerator and up to one month at room temperature. Perhaps a slight yellowing of the solution, as well as precipitation in it. This does not affect its properties.
For the preparation of azopyramide reagentthe above solution is used. Take equal parts of the solution and hydrogen peroxide 3%. At room temperature, the resulting preparation can be stored for about 2 hours, and at a temperature above 26 ° C - only half an hour. Therefore, the reagent for carrying out the azopyramic test is made immediately before use.
If the storage is longer, the reagent getspinkish hue, which indicates a decrease in its effectiveness. To test for fitness, it is applied to a blood stain. If the liquid becomes purple or violet, the reagent is usable. It is not recommended to store it in bright light.
The azopyrum probe is carried out as follows: In the reagent submerged passing instruments (they should not be hot). If they have any traces of blood, the reagent for a minute is painted in lilac color, quickly turning into brownish or pink. If the color of the liquid remains unchanged, this indicates that the toolkit is completely clean and does not require re-processing.</ p>>