The funeral is a sad but inevitable reality. Death has always been incomprehensible, frightening its inevitability, the inability to predict what is there, beyond its threshold? Perhaps that is why the funeral rite is perhaps more than all the others, surrounded by a halo of signs, rules, superstitions. People tried to distance themselves from the deceased, save lives for other family members. This childishly simple faith, the desire to eliminate the frightening unknown has remained to this day. Signs, superstitions turned into almost mandatory rules of the ritual.
The first requirement is to close the mirrors where there is a dead person. It is believed that the soul can go into the mirror, stay there. She will frighten relatives, will not be able to leave this world.
According to another version, if the deceased is reflected in the mirror, he will "double", take away one of his friends or relatives.
Funeral signs suggest mandatoryto close the eyes of the deceased. Earlier it was done with the help of copper pyataks, today large coins are used. The open eyes of the deceased, our ancestors believed, looked for those who would die next.
After escorting the deceased, it must be compulsoryput a few coins, a handkerchief, a comb. This set, as was previously thought, will help to overcome a long way to paradise, pay off for the road, appear before the Most High in a decent form.
But you can not put photos of the living in a coffin. Otherwise they will also be buried.
The deceased person was necessarily washed to purify the body. The soul is purified by itself, for this, a glass with water should be placed on the windowsill. He will be a font for the soul.
Signs at the funeral forbid washing the bodywho died pregnant women or close relatives. Take out the coffin, too, should not blood relatives. Otherwise, the deceased decides that his death is welcome. It's better if it's just friends or acquaintances. Their hand, as a sign of gratitude from the deceased, is tied with a new towel, sometimes with a handkerchief.
Where they say goodbye to the deceased, it is not recommendedwash or sweep the floor. It was believed that so the living will die, "get out" for the deceased. You need to do this right after the housekeeper is taken out of the house. The table where the house was standing, turn over, and throw away the bed, the deceased.
Signs at the funeral are advised how to deal withthings, property of the deceased. Up to forty days they are not recommended to touch, and after the soul passes, all things must be quickly distributed to those in need, taken to the cathedral, the church.
Almost all the signs at the funeral are aimed at protecting the surrounding from the spoiling, which can be inflicted by evil people, using funeral props.
Before putting the deceased in a coffin, hebind hands-feet. It is quite understandable from the modern point of view ritual was considered a way that does not allow the dead to rise, walk on the ground, frighten the living. Before closing the lid of the coffin, and then lowering it into the grave, the feet and arms are untied.
These ropes can lead to damage to death,so witches or black witch doctors always try to steal ropes. In order for this not to happen, they put a special observer. Usually, this is an elderly woman who is well acquainted with rituals.
Signs and superstitions at the funeral prescribe howbehave during the rite. You can not step on towels, where a coffin is placed, bring from the cemetery any items, flowers. When returning home, it is recommended to rinse your hands.
You can not cross the road before the deceased: you will die very soon.
To remember the deceased is necessary on the day of the funeral, on the ninth and fortieth days, on the anniversary.
Signs at the funeral took centuries. They contained an intuitive experience of sound grain. People, not knowing or not knowing how to find an explanation for the laws of nature, instinctively felt how to behave in a difficult situation, developed a line of behavior fixed in signs and rituals.</ p>>