International trade has long become an inalienablepart of our lives. Import and export of goods have acquired a global scale, and more and more countries are becoming involved in these processes every day. Russia has long and firmly integrated into these relationships. The balance in this area is the guarantee of food security of our country, and, therefore, the question Of course, we can not do without imports, since there are products that simply do not grow on the territory of our country, but it is not worthwhile to abuse it to the detriment of one's own producer.
In the 19th century, the development of the transport system led toa sharp increase in trade between countries. And already in the 20th century, when there was a revolution in the world of information technology, international trade reached a qualitatively new level, thereby significantly increasing sales volumes. Today, the leaders in terms of the percentage of trade are countries such as the United States, Japan and Germany - they control more than seventy percent of the total volume of international trade.
Import of goods for many countries isthe only possible way to get the goods they need, since it will cost much more in the territory of their country than they can buy in the neighboring state. The world market and international trade are certainly directly connected.
International trade appeared inthe process of the origin of the world market, and serves as an excellent incentive for improving enterprises producing export products, since international competition is extremely high. All this ensures the employment of the population, since export deliveries tend to increase in scale.
It also happens that the world market and internationaltrade is the source of the decline of the country. As, for example, it happened in the USA at the end of the 19th century, when Argentina, having invented a refrigerator, overtook the United States of America for the import of frozen meat, which until then imported exclusively salted and smoked products.
Meanwhile, international trade in foodis the largest segment of trade relations between countries. The main share of food in the international market is made up of cereals, as well as products obtained after processing. A significant share of cereals is purchased to ensure livestock feed, which is why the development of the grain market has a huge impact on the entire food market as a whole.
Also from the most frequently importedfood products can be noted meat and meat products, sugar, tea, seafood, fats, fruits and vegetables. The peculiarity of the price policy for food products is instability, since the factor of seasonality and weather conditions plays a role here. Also, the appearance on the market of synthetic substitutes for natural products has a big impact on prices. In this regard, the state pursues a policy of stabilizing markets.
In our time, consumption of fruits and vegetablessignificantly increased, which served as an impetus for the expansion of this market segment. There is a forecast that world sugar consumption will also increase, and producers are already preparing for the new terms of trade. At the same time, the market of sugar substitutes is developing, which gradually displace natural products.
On October 16, the world day of food is traditionally celebrated around the world, as it was on this day in 1945 that the Food and Agriculture Organization was founded.
The main objectives of the organization is to expand the world economy, develop agriculture, improve the quality of nutrition of the population, and thus the quality of life.