Any manager should understand thatrepresents the internal environment of the organization. Management involves the consideration of its five main components: goals, structure, tasks, technology, people.
The organization is a holistic entity that serves as a means of achieving specific goals. Goals are the result that a group of people in an organization are trying to achieve together.
Management of the internal environment of the organizationimplies the management of goals, which it is advisable to depict in the form of a tree-like graph. It has at its highest level a strategic goal, which, for example, needs to be realized by the enterprise for 5 years, below are those goals, the achievement of which will contribute to the implementation of the main. The number of levels depends on the degree of detail and size of the organization.
Undoubtedly, the goals of the units differ from each other, but the main rule of the goal tree is that no subordinate goal can contradict the one that stands above it.
The next element that is included in themanagement of the internal environment of the organization, - structure. It assumes the existence of co-ordinated levels of management, which ensure the most effective achievement of the set goals.
Obviously, in any medium or large company there is a specialized division of labor, i.e. There are various specialists: marketing, finance, logistics, etc.
Tasks are the next element that reflects the internal environment of the organization. Management traditionally considers the tasks in three aspects: related to people, with objects and information.
Technology is also one of the main variables,which is something more than machinery and equipment. For example, Charles Perrow said that technology is a means by which the original resources are transformed into the desired result, which we are trying to achieve through joint efforts.
There are two most well-known classifications of technology: Woodward and Thompson.
- single, small or individual (one product or a small series is produced);
- mass (goods are manufactured in large lots, they are almost or completely identical to each other);
- Continuous (thanks to equipment and machines, goods are produced around the clock).
- multi-tier technology (a series of specific tasks are performed to achieve the goal);
- intermediary (people are grouped together and become interdependent);
- intensive (to carry out the task it is necessaryhave special skills and abilities), for example, to appoint the patient in the hospital the right treatment, you need to have the appropriate education.
Last in the list, but not in importance,variable, which represents the internal environment of the organization, - personnel, or people. Each employee in any team manifests itself in different ways, which is determined by a number of factors, for example, the ability to perform certain tasks, needs, life values and values, and so on.
Of course, the manager should have an idea of theThe groups that formed in the team must know the main leaders. A competent manager independently chooses a style of behavior that will suit a particular situation and specific people and will lead to the fact that workers will most effectively perform the tasks assigned to them.
Thus, the internal environment of the organizationconsists of five variables that directly affect each other. So, all tasks flow directly from the goals set at the enterprise, and the staff realizes these tasks through technology.</ p>>